Monday, 18 February 2013

Prophet Mohammed's life and family details

Name: Mohammed and Ahmed 

Epithet: Abul Qasim

17th Rabiul Awwal 54 BH (Friday, 9th May 570 AD) 

Birthplace: Makka, Hijaz ( Present day Saudi Arabia)

Father: Abdullah  (Died 3 months before Prophet Mohammed's birth)

Paternal Grandfather: Abdul Mutallib (Shaiba) son of Hashim

Paternal Grandmother: Fatima daughter of Amr

Mother: Amina (Died when Prophet Mohammed was 6 yrs old)

Maternal Grandfather: Wahhab son of Abdul Munaf

Maternal Grandmother: Barra daughter of Abdul Uzza

Foster Mother: Halima Sa’adia daughter of Abu Zoeb

Legal Guardian ( Paternal Uncle): Abu Talib son of Abdul Mutallib

Wives who bore children:

1. Khadija daughter of Khuwalid (Prophet Mohammed was 25 yrs old and she was 28 yrs old when they married)

2. Maria Coptic daughter of Shamoon (Simon)


1. Qasim (died in infancy) son from Khadija 

2. Tayyab (died in infancy) son from Khadija 

3. Tahir (died in infancy) son from Khadija 

4. Ibrahim (died in infancy) son from Maria 

Daughter: Fatima daughter from Khadija 

Son in Law: Ali son of Abu Talib 

Adopted sons:

1. Ali son of Abu Talib

2. Zaid son of Harith

Adopted Daughters:

1. Zainab daughter of Hala (Sister in law, Hala was Khadija's sister)

2. Ruqaiyya daughter of Hala 

3. Umme Kulthum daughter of Hala


1. Hasan son of Ali

2. Husain son of Ali

3. Mohsin son of Ali (Miscarried)


1. Zainab daughter of Ali

2. Umme Kulthum daughter of Ali

Passing date: 28th Safar 11 AH 
(Saturday, 23rd May 632 AD) 

Death reason: Poisoned by Zainab daughter of Harith

Burried: Madina, Hijaz ( Present day Saudi Arabia)

Oh Allah! Peace and Salutation be upon Mohammed and House-hold of Mohammed.

Tuesday, 5 February 2013

Shia date of Prophet Mohammed's birthday: 17th Rabiul Awwal

There are various dates of birth of Prophet Mohammed, the point to be noted in these cases are most of the dates are narrated by Sahaba (Companions) of Prophet Mohammed.

Prophet Mohammed began to have companions after the age of 40 years when he declared himself as Prophet of God. Before the declaration he was considered just a virtuous man had few friends and no one was interested in when was he born. Amazingly, these people who later got converted to Islam, became companions started to narrate Prophet Mohammed's biography, when was he born etc etc.

How did they knew when was he born? Most of Sahaba (Companions) had never witnessed Prophet Mohammed's childhood as they were quite young or of same age. Those who were older to Prophet Mohammed most among them had died during the very life time of Prophet Mohammed. These same age people who became companions narrating biography of Prophet Mohammed about his childhood needs scrutiny.

These Sahaba (Companions) narrated their individual versions to the so called biographers who compiled books of Ahaadith (Anthologies), Seerah (Biographies) of Prophet Mohammed. Most of these people never questioned Sahaba (Companions) as to how come they know when was Prophet born on which date on what day? They just went on to record whatever was narrated to them.

A Sahabi (a Companion) who became Muslim in Madina narrated the birth, childhood and Makkan life of Prophet Mohammed in details and no one questioned him about how he gathered knowledge when he was not present. Just to make their books thicker and heavier biographers wrote whatever they heard from these Sahaba (Companions).

Sunnis began celebrating Prophet Mohammed's birthday on 12th Rabiul Awwal during the caliphate of Harun Rashid; no record is available to show that Sunnis ever celebrated his birth before the reign of Harun Rashid. Their version of birthday is based on narrations of Prophet Mohammed's companions of later life who never witnessed birth and childhood of Prophet Mohammed. Their version state the date to be 12th Rabiul Awwal (Monday) year of Elephant as most probable date, they also have other dates in their records from other companions which are 9th, 11th etc.

Shia all around the world celebrate the Birthday of Prophet Mohammed on 17th Rabiul Awwal on authority of narration (Hadith) narrated by Abu Talib the uncle and legal guardian of Prophet Mohammed from childhood unto his very death, Abu Talib died some time prior to Migration (Hijra) to Madina. It was rather Abu Talib's death which triggered Migration (Hijra). Thus this narration whose chain of narration goes back to Abu Talib is considered most authentic among Shia.

Abu Talib narrated that his nephew Mohammed was born on 17th Rabiul Awwal in the year of Elephant, 53 BH (Friday). No one can question Abu Talib how he knew all these, since he was a close family member and had been legal guardian of Prophet Mohammed. Also, Shia had always celebrated Birthday of Prophet Mohammed even before the reign of Harun Rashid.

However, among 12 Imams (as) and other Ahlul Baet (Family of Prophet Mohammed) there are more than one version of births of some Imams (as) as well as that of other members, of which some dates are considered more authentic while others are considered less authentic. Thus, there is nothing wrong if one celebrates birth of Prophet Mohammed on 12th as well. Rather from 12th to 17th whole week is celebrated as Prophet Mohammed's birth week.

Sunnis also consider the same date 12th Rabiul Awwal as the day Prophet Mohammed passed away, if you read Sunni records of the last day of Prophet Mohammed he became well and came out of house and offered prayers in mosque, later all of sudden became seriously ill and passed away by noon. If it was 12th Rabiul Awwal his birthday and Prophet Mohammed recovered from illness, why no one wished him in that regards?

Modern Salafi (Wahhabbi) cite the same reason when they declare that celebrating Prophet Mohammed’s birthday is forbidden and a sin in Islam. Actually, why no one wished him was because the day was simply not his birthday. Rather was not even month of Rabiul Awwal. Same dates of birth and passing away give rise to high doubt that dates were randomly chosen to fill up doubtful biographies.

Also to forbid the celebration of birthday by making it the death day as well, which was an Ommayyad tactic? This is why no record of Sunnis celebrating his birthday is found before the reign of Harun Rashid. Ommayyad period saw no such celebration, it was only Abbasid era of Harun Rashid which started celebration among Sunnis.

Shia consider 28th Safar 11 AH as the day Prophet Mohammed passed away. Shia had always celebrated his birthday as well as mourned the day he passed away, there are ample of records. Thus, it shows Shia history was not compiled in later periods out of some political need.

Oh Allah! Peace and Salutation be upon Mohammed and House-hold of Mohammed.

Sunday, 3 February 2013

Simple Islamic Inheritance as per Shia jurisprudence

1) If a man dies, 1/8 of share goes to his widow, if he left more widows then 1/8th is equally divided among them.
2) Rest 7/8 is divided among his children, counting each son as 2 and each daughter as 1, each son get 2 parts and each daughter 1 part.
3) If a woman dies, 1/4 of share goes to her widower, remaining 3/4 is divided among her children, counting each son as 2 and each daughter as 1, each son get 2 parts and each daughter 1 part.
4) Divorced spouses, adopted, step and illegitimate children don't inherit the dead person.