Wednesday, 10 July 2013

Shia beliefs/ Usul Deen from Holy Qur'an

Topic 23:

In Main topic titled 'Beliefs and Practices in Shia Islam' following is briefed:

Principles/ Beliefs/ Root/ Tenets of Faith ( Usul Deen), they are five in number as follow:

1) Tauhid ( Absolute Monotheism)
2) Adalat ( Concept of Divine Justice)
3) Nubuwat ( Prophet hood)
4) Imamat ( Divinely appointed leadership)
5) Qayamat ( Resurrection)

These above beliefs are taken as required beliefs in Shia Islam; simultaneously are sourced directly from Holy Qur'an. In 20th Chapter/ Surah: Taa Haa conversation between God and Prophet Moses (Nabi Musaa) is provided.

God calls Prophet Moses and commands him to go to Pharoah with message of God's true religion, the content of message was nothing but what Shia Islam has as fundamental beliefs.

If you read carefully the following verses of Holy Qur'an, chapter 20, Surah Taa Haa, from verse 13 up to 36, you could sum up all Shia beliefs in those verses.

Holy Qur'an, Chapter 20, Surah Taa Haa:

13: And I have chosen you, so listen to what is revealed [3rd Belief: Nubuwat/ Prophet hood]
14: Surely I am Allah, there is no god but I [1st Belief: Tauhid/ Absolute Monotheism], therefore serve Me and keep up prayer for My remembrance
15: Surely the hour is coming-- I am about to make it manifest [5th Belief: Qayamat/ Resurrection]-- so that every soul may be rewarded as it strives [2nd Belief: Adalat/ Concept of Divine Justice]

With above commands and assisted miracles God asks Prophet Moses to go to Pharoah, but Prophet Moses is seen feeling a sense of incompleteness, this is exactly where 4th belief Imamat/ Divinely appointed leadership comes up. Prophet Moses asks God to appoint a minister (Wazir) from Prophet Moses' family, who should be Prophet Aaron ( Nabi Haarun), refer following verses.

Holy Qur'an, Chapter 20, Surah Taa Haa:

29: And give to me a minister from my family:
30: Aaron, my brother,
31: Strengthen my back by him,
32: And associate him (with me) in my affair,
33: So that we should glorify Thee much,
34: And remember Thee oft.
35: Surely, Thou art seeing us.
36: He said: You are indeed granted your petition, O Moses [4th Belief: Imamat/ Divinely appointed leadership]

When Prophet Moses' petition was granted it was only then that Pophet Moses walked to preach Pharoah the command of God, this is the importance of divinely appointed leadership.

That is why Prophet Mohammed had clearly stated, "Ali is to Me as Aaron was to Moses; only difference is that both prophet-hood and messenger-ship had come to the end on me". Ali was nominated as Prophet Mohammed's deputy, his minister by Prophet Mohammed himself at event of Ghadeer. It was at Ghadeer that Islam was declared a complete religion as per verse 3 of 5th chapter of Holy Qur'an.

Prophet Mohammed had also clearly declared, "After Me there will be twelve leaders of Islam, all will be from Quraish clan, Islam will remain true under them, Ali would be first Mahdi would be last". These above words clearly shows up Shia beliefs, the most required fundamental beliefs or Usul Deen of Shia Islam.

Oh Allah! Peace and Salutation be upon Mohammed and House-hold of Mohammed.


3 comments:

  1. I am not sure I understand Adalah. I think in sunni islam, that would be a part of tauhid, as we know Allah is ArRahman and all of his names are amazing, nothing bad cab actually come from Allah. So what is the difference? Thank you my friend.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. No, concept of Tauhid and concept of Adalah are two different topics. Shia Adalah is totally opposite of Sunni concept of Pre-Destination (Qadr), since, Shia Islam preaches free-will. Pre-destination (Qadr) is ordinal belief in Sunni Islam, while in Shia Islam, Adalah is ordinal belief, which include concept of freewill.

      Dear friend, you're welcome!

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